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Corrections in any of the material which follows, WILLIAM DOXFORD (1840/1875? /1890)WILLIAM DOXFORD AND SONS LIMITED (1891/1957)WILLIAM DOXFORD & SONS (SHIPBUILDERS) LIMITED (1957/ )(OF COX GREEN, THEN PALLION, SUNDERLAND) There would seem to be quite a lot of it! , signal letters (as Ellen Jensen) NFRJ, accommodation for 3 passengers.

To search for specific text on this page, just press 'CTRL F' & then enter your search term. 103.6 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 340 ft., speed?

Mainly from that first website we learn that William Theodore Doxford (1841-1916) & his brother Alfred (1842-1895) joined their father in the shipbuilding business & that both were partners by 1875. Is it possible that you can provide a large image of this fine postcard? Owned 1894 thru 1907 by 'William Peterson Ltd.' ('Peterson') which company secured a contract in 1900 to haul coal from Sydney, Nova Scotia, to Montreal, Quebec, (both Canada), for Dominion Iron & Steel Co. Turret Bell was one of at least 7 turret steamers engaged in that trade. It is interesting to note that three other ships were also wrecked in that storm, which amazingly lasted two weeks, all on a 20 mile stretch of PEI coastline.

Other family members, active in the early 1920s, are shown also. In 1956 the two parts of the business were placed in separate entities - re the shipbuilding side into 'William Doxford & Sons (Shipbuilders) Ltd.' (a booklet published by that company, likely in 1962, is here) & the engineering side into 'William Doxford & Sons (Engineers) Ltd.'. Penzance steamer India, of 364 tons, ran into the starboard side of Kate Thomas at 4 a.m. The vessel sank a few minutes (10 or 15) after the collision. 1900 while en route in ballast from Mauritius to Colombo, Ceylon, (now Sri Lanka). coast of Great Nicobar Island in bad weather en route Penang/Calcutta (or Madras) with cargo & passengers. 88.4 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 290 ft., two masts, schooner rigged, speed of 10 or maybe 11 knots. Built to serve the Newcastle, New South Wales ('NSW'), Australia, & Melbourne coal trade. 1898 the vessel was chartered to Adelaide Steamship Co. Coull in command, with a crew of 30 all told (have also read 21, 29 & 37), left Port Kembla, NSW, bound for Albany, Western Australia, with a cargo of coal. The available data re this vessel is, to me at least, confused. While 2 used to state that the Doxford vessel was unapproved & therefore built under licence. 94.8 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 311.0 ft., speed of about 11 knots, with engines aft, signal letters NDWP. She was refloated on the 29th, sank again on the 30th & was abandoned on Oct. It would seem likely that the vessel was deliberately scuttled. Stevenson), 2 (data Caroline Hemsoth), 3 (Lloyds), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access).

I have read that the company became 'Doxford & Sunderland Shipbuilding & Engineering Company Limited' in 1961, following a merger with 'Sunderland Shipbuilding, Dry Docks & Engineering Co. By the 1887/88 edition of Lloyd's, the vessel was owned by 'W. It would seem that William Mc Taggart, of Mc Taggart Tidman & Co., of London, was one of the partners that created 'Eastern & Australian Mail Steamship Co.' The vessel was engaged on the Australia to Singapore run until 1902 & then on the Australia to Hong Kong & Japan route. India, which suffered major bow damage, did stop at the accident scene. The vessel was given up for lost - it took 48 days to reach Colombo after the shaft sheered. Used to transport Indian indentured labourers to the colonies (5 such trips to Fiji, 1901 thru 1907, listed at 2 with passenger load of each trip indicated). The webmaster has just 2 editions of Lloyd's Registers available to him, ex Google Books, see left. And in early 1899, it would seem, was chartered to Huddart, Parker & Co. It would seem that the vessel ran into a full gale (a terrific cyclone) & possibly also fog. 1900, the vessel left New York bound for Yokohama, Japan, Captain N. Clemens in command, with a cargo of kerosene & a crew of 25. While I provide the best data I can locate, this listing may well contain unintended errors. Could carry 3,700 tons of coal, but intended, perhaps, to carry wheat in bulk. for Petersen, Tate & Co., of Newcastle, which operated through 'Turret Steam Shipping Company Ltd.' In Apl. K., to Louisburg, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, her propeller was damaged by contact with ice floes off St. 'The vessel's insurance did 'not apparently err on the side of inadequacy'.

The family members depicted include William Doxford (1812/1882), founder of the company (image at left) & W. The webmaster bid on the item, for inclusion in these pages, but was not successful. The next image depicts the railway shed at the Doxford Pallion shipyard on Apl. Four of the locomotives are crane tank locomotives ('Hendon', 'Roker', 'Millfield' & 'Southwick', from left to right) while at extreme right is saddle tank locomotive 'General'. I am advised that rail operations at the yard, ceased in Feb. Used on a single trip to Japan & then chartered to Philp. to launching, p.# 188), 5 (an 1895 image of the crew of Principality), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). A watercolour by Godfrey, of New South Wales, exists, but no WWW image of it seems to be available. The webmaster has a couple of editions of Lloyd's Registers, ex Google Books, available to him, see left. The webmaster has a couple of editions of Lloyd's Registers, ex Google Books, available to him, see left. Kate Thomas was towed into Southampton in a damaged condition. 1891), 4 (45% down, image), 5 (Hesione in 1st group), 6 [Houston Line, Hesione (1)], 7 (U-41), 8 (sinking, image), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). long, triple expansion engines, 2 masts, speed 10 or 11 knots, signal letters LFNP. Fitted for the New Zealand meat trade with refrigeration capacity for 40,000 carcasses. The vessel was sold, in 1903, to Houston Line of Liverpool, i.e. I have not read the circumstances or if there was any loss of life. Built for British India Steam Navigation Company, of Glasgow. An e Bay item said 'carried up to 1,667 deck passengers.' Sister to Fultala. '1897 during a particularly bad spell of weather whilst on passage she actually ran out of coal and subsequently burnt most of her wood fittings to make port.' Used as a troop carrier re the Boer War (Transport #30) & re the Boxer Rebellion. No loss of life, it would appear, however 4 indicates that 2 lives were lost. 11, 1890), 3 (launch, ex 'The Marine Engineer', of May 1, 1890), 4 (an Aug. Now Carl Holmberg, of Hawaii, is researching Bikar Atoll, an uninhabited atoll in the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean - for a Wikipedia article. No sign of the crew or passengers has since been found.' I have since located an earlier article, ex the New York Times of Oct. Which article states that some of the wreckage had the vessel's name upon it & that one body was also found. in substance, Captain Mc Dougall developed the concept of the whaleback design in the U. And Doxford built a single 'whaleback' vessel, i.e. But I believe that to be a quite different vessel of 5197 (or 5036) tons. And also see C re what was said to be 'our' Sagamore, in which the bridge would seem to have jumped from amid-ships to the stern. Built in 1892 by Harland & Wolff & owned by White Diamond Steamship Co. 1898, Turret Age, of Black Diamond Steamship Line (charterers of the vessel), James Russell Brady in command, was en route from Picton (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) to Montreal, Quebec, both Canada, with a cargo of coal, & under the control of a pilot. I read that the owners of Porter took legal action re the matter & it would seem that Porter was, in a manner of speaking, 'in the wrong lane'. Jenks et al., the owners of Porter, were awarded ,000 in damages against Captain Brady, who was held responsible even though a pilot was in control. 24, 1900, the vessel left Lulea, Gulf of Bothnia, Sweden, with a cargo of iron ore, under the command of John George Purvis. A salvage vessel was summoned, the holes in her hull were stopped & she was floated off & anchored. It was sold by the vessel's underwriters for 4,900 to 'Firth Steamship Company Limited' ('Firth'), Arthur Tate of Newcastle the managing owner, & they spent 11,300 to make her seaworthy again. In 1901 she was renamed Firth of Forth & registered at Blyth. With a new crew she then left for the Tyne where serious damage to the ship's bottom was repaired. 13, 1903 bound for Manila, China & Siberia, with a truly varied cargo. just 4 1/2 hours after the water was first discovered, the vessel was abandoned - at 37.18N/3.48E, close to Algiers. Eddystone of London took the crew aboard, but later the crew took to the boats again to land at Bne (Annaba, Algiers). The cause of the water entering the ship is not known, however the Court found no justification for the engines being stopped, the ship not being kept afloat & beached. I read that 'Horsley's' were both ship owners & managers & operated a timber importing business in West Hartlepool. The vessel was a WW1 war prize & became owned by the Shipping Controller, of London, (J. It was intended that she be renamed 'Maud Larssen' but that did not happen.

Theodore Doxford, his son, (1841/1916), later Sir Theodore Doxford (image at right). 1971, but that all of the 4 locos at left in the image, are preserved. The vessel was laid up in 1913, & in 1914 was sold to White Cross Steamship Co. The webmaster has a couple of editions of Lloyd's Registers, ex Google Books, available to him, see left. long, 78.75 or 78.8 metres, perpendicular to perpendicular. Also in 1906, the vessel was in collision with the steamer Pyrgos. 4, 1910, the vessel was sunk off Pendeen Light, Land's End, while on tow, in ballast, by Belgian tug John Bull, from Antwerp to Port Talbot, Glamorgan, South Wales. (Jack) Nelson, an apprentice, was the only survivor. 'Suffered a broken tail shaft when rounding Cape Horn in her year of build and had to be towed to Montevideo by the steamer Gulf of Corcovado.' Known, it would seem, as 'New Zealand Thief'! Very little seems to be WWW available about this vessel. The launch of the vessel was covered in 'Marine Engineer ...' of Jan. Do read the story at 1 'Possibly The Greatest Ever Repair at Sea.' (sheared propeller shaft in Feb. 1890 arrival at Hobart), 5 (Huddart, Parker & Co., 55% down), 6 & 7 (loss of Federal, partial crew lists), 8 & 9 (wreck data, Federal), 10 (4 images, Federal), 11 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). It must then be that it foundered at or near Bikar Atoll. A self-powered 'whaleback' ship (most of them were towed barges). 1 indicates vessel was built under licence from Alexander Mc Dougall (1845-1923, a Scottish born Great Lakes ship's master from Duluth, Minnesota). Sagamore, & then went on to develop its own series of 'turret' ships, similar in appearance to a 'whaleback' but with one continuous turret rather than individual turrets. A schooner rigged 'turret' steamer, the 2nd ship built to such design. Per 1 (a splendid illustrated article, Turret Age, at pages 200/222), 2 (1898 collision, Lloyd S. Porter), 4 (New York Times archive, 1898 ice flow damage), 5 (1900 wreck report, Turret Age), 6 (1902 wreck report, Firth of Forth), 7 (1903 wreck report, Firth of Forth), 8 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). But clearly my understanding may be wrong, or incomplete. And it would seem they were awarded also a similar sum in a claim against Turret Steam Shipping Company Ltd. To fill again, perhaps in bad weather, & sink the next day. The court found the Captain to be in default for failing to verify the vessel's position in relation to the 3 visible lights. Tate's licence was suspended for 6 months & Brady was censored i) for his lack of action re the compass errors & ii) for setting the dangerous course thru Rebecca Channel when a safer course was available. 25, 1903, while en route from Hamburg, Germany, to Vladivostok, Russia, (Sea of Japan), with a general cargo, the vessel foundered 25 miles off Cape Bengut, (near Algiers), Algeria. The court was not satisfied with the manner in which both the captain & Arthur Tate gave evidence. Built for George Horsley & Son, (or per Lloyds List G. In 1899, the vessel became a 'Horsley Line Ltd.' vessel, with M. The vessel 'often carried coal out/timber home (Baltic) although she was to be found in Trieste/ New Orleans and east coast of the USA'.

Business must have been good, because, & I quote, 'several times the Doxfords extended their premises'. ) that in 1891 the business became a limited liability company with a capital of 200,000, all owned by the Doxford family. 1, 1891 'William Doxford and Sons Ltd.' was registered as a public company to acquire the family limited company & its business of iron ship builders and marine engineers. In 1893, Doxford launched its first 'Turret Ship', designed with the objective of saving on canal & harbour dues & financed 50/50 with ship owner William Peterson. The upper deck area was reduced to a minimum, the net tonnage was reduced & the cargo area was increased. The vessel was broken up in Spain in the 4th quarter of 1933. An attempt was made to free her in the summer of 1907 but it failed. 13, 1909, the vessel was towed to Quebec & repaired. Tom Reid of Sarnia and Port Huron eventually salvaged her and sent her back to salt water service as KWASIND'.

I read that Lloyd's was initially not happy that the vessel was seaworthy, but the design proved in practice to be both seaworthy & a considerable commercial success, so long as the fee computation rules remained. Further most difficult efforts followed & eventually, Reid Wrecking Company completed the task. 31, 1909, Turret Bell was towed to Charlottetown by wrecking tug James Reid. Reid Wrecking Co., of Sarnia, Ontario, took over ownership in 1907 (not 1909?

Now to build 25 or so vessels in a year & produce a total of 100,000 tons means that most of them were probably vessels of about 4/5,000 tons each. A kind visitor to this site has provided an amazing amount of data to the webmaster about Sunderland shipbuilders & their ships. I have not provided images on site of the 4 pages since they might be of interest to relatively few site visitors. The image above is of a most interesting item indeed. I now see that members of the Doxford family rejoined the company in 1922 - as senior officials or as managers. 3 indicates that the vessel may then have been renamed Helvette, a name not referenced at Miramar. The fleet was managed, until 1899, from Criccieth, a small coastal village in North Wales, & then from Liverpool. She lost her masts & had to be abandoned about 20 miles NW of Lord Howe Island (off E. The crew of 26 were all saved & landed at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The webmaster has a couple of editions of Lloyd's Registers, ex Google Books, available to him, see left. long, single screw, schooner rigged, 2 masts, speed of 11 knots, signal letters JRFT. It would seem that the entire crew (28) survived & eventually, after considerable difficulty, landed at Eden, some 26 km. The Captain (Coleman) was held to be at fault at the wreck inquiry for sailing too fast in the conditions - his licence was suspended for 6 months. A 4 masted iron ship, rigged with double top sails, single topgallant sails & royal sails. And in 1898, it sailed from Cardiff, Wales, to Valparaiso, Chile, in 74 days. The vessel was last heard from on May 13 (or May 23, sources differ), 1905. Ballasky & Sons' or a name similar to that, & was hulked, in 1911, at Noumea, New Caledonia (France), in the S. An image of the vessel's figurehead may be available from e Bay vendor 'artboy53'. to launching, p#106), 7 (collision report, Evening Telegram, N. On May 1, 1906, Kate Thomas collided with & sank the steamer Blanefield, 3411 tons, off Beachy Head, Sussex. It would seem however that a Court found in favour of Kate Thomas. Eduardo Aznar & Ramon de la Sota were the 2 principals, hence, perhaps, Miramar referencing 'Aznar & Co.' Spanish sites seem to consistently refer to the vessel as Septiembre. Now there was a vessel named Sagamore, that would seem to have been 'defensively armed' when on Mar. Porter ('Porter'), a 536 ton steam barge, near Ste. Captain Snow, & about 11 of Porter's crew, safely escaped in a rowboat, while the remaining crew, five in number, & a pilot, climbed the ship's mast from which they were rescued by a Turret Age lifeboat. A., for Amsterdam & Sunderland with a cargo of pitch pine logs, a portion of which was on deck - apparently with a 10 degree list to port. 1, 1902, a major gale was encountered & the list increased significantly. In the conditions, the decision was made to jettison the deck cargo & the engines were stopped for about 7 hours to avoid damaging the propeller in the high seas. After 10 or 15 minutes, however, the captain ordered the engines to be stopped & the boats got out. Schutt & Co.' the managers, of Lbeck, Germany, & renamed Holland.

And amongst that data is a 'Report to the Shareholders' of 'William Doxford and Sons, Limited', respecting a meeting of Ordinary Shareholders held on March 11, 1907. Images of Doxford family members prominent in the history of the shipbuilding company can be seen here, in a page from a 1922 promotional booklet published by the company. The tiny white area in the middle at the bottom is a cog wheel & when it is rotated the pistons go up and down! After WW1, orders for new ships dried up, & Doxfords closed down from September 1924 to April 1927. I read that in 1946, the company took over the Palmer's Hill, Sunderland, engine works of John Dickinson & Sons Ltd. It would be good to be able to read the inquiry's actual report. Per 1 (data), 2 (page in Spanish, Principality 80% down), 3 (data), 4 (1885 ref. Believed to have been lost at Cape Horn, where wreckage, identified as being from Principality, was later found. Miramar states last spoken to at 23.30S/22.05W on May 13, 1905. Per 1 (9th item Thomas), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Y., May 1, 1906, Kate Thomas/Blanefield, but image at bottom left), 8 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). There is some confusion as to how many died - most WWW sites state that 36 Blanefield lives were lost but read the text re Blanefield, & the bottom image at left there, which indicates that it may have been five only. 1889, name spelled Marmari), 2 [Shaw Savill, Mamari (1) 85% down], 3 (20 Nov. Houston & Company, but maybe more accurately 'British & South American Steam Navigation Company', a line which specialised in refrigerated ships, & renamed Hesione. 23, 1915, Hesione was hit by a torpedo & captured by U-41, Kapitnleutnant Claus Hansen in command, while 86 miles SE of Fastnet (SW Ireland) & en route from Liverpool to Buenos Aires, Argentina, with a general cargo. Likely used to carry iron ore from Spanish mines to English ports. 1911, the vessel was en route from 'Porman' (per an e Bay listing. coast of Spain) to Maryport, Cumberland, with a cargo of iron ore. 26, 1911, the vessel ran aground on Hats Ledge, Crow Sound, Isles of Scilly, & became a total wreck. Per 1 (greatest repair story), 2 (Wikipedia, Fazilka), 3 (British India, Fazilka), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Accommodation for 12 passengers in 1st Class & 1,650 Deck Class. Per 1 (data, image), 2 (launch, ex 'The Engineer', of Apl. 7, 1901 article in 'The Republican' of Estherville, Iowa, (at left) that 'Wreckage and signs of habitation was discovered on Bikar in 1901, suggesting that the ship had come to grief there, and that the survivors had pushed off in lifeboats shortly before the discovery. Most of the above is consistent, or so it seems to the webmaster - i.e. The vessel was at Sharpness Docks, Bristol, in Feb. In 1911, the vessel was sold to Cogneti Schiaffino, of Genoa, Italy, & renamed Solideo. 3, 1917 it was torpedoed without warning & sunk in North Atlantic, 150 miles west of Fastnet, (SW tip of Ireland) with the loss of 52 lives, including the Master. Porter was soon re-floated, by 'Donnelly Wreckage & Salvage Company', while Turret Age suffered negligible damage. 25, 1900, the vessel, approaching the Quarken Channel, stranded on the Sor Gadden Reef, 1 1/2 miles ESE of the Holmogadd Light (near Umea, Sweden). The ship proceeded to pass through the Rebecca Channel (E. Captain Brady became incapacitated due to fever & William Tate (first officer & brother of Arthur) assumed command. 3, 1902, Firth of Forth stranded at full speed 2 1/2 miles NW of Lavina Bank (W. Coal was discharged to lighten the vessel & with the assistance of two tugs, she was pulled off to then proceed to Newport News, Virginia, where she re-coaled. Pumping was therefore stopped (no power), water continued to flood in & at 7 a.m. G., the managers) of Emden, Germany, & renamed Caroline Hemsoth. In 1921, the vessel was sold to 'Alfred Calvert Ltd.' & registered at Poole. It was sold again, in 1926, to "Holland" Sciffahrts G.m.b. And sold again, to 'Zerssen & Co.', of Rendsburg, Germany, in 1930.

It moved its facilities downstream on the River Wear to Pallion in 1857. ) states that the vessel was then owned by 'Mac Kenzie & Mann' of Montreal (I had read that in 1907, the vessel was owned by Canadian Lake & Ocean Navigation Co.

Pallion, is, I understand, upstream of the present rail & road bridges in central Sunderland, the shipbuilding yard being located (or I should say located since all shipbuilding ended there in 1988) on the south side of the river close to (west of) the Queen Alexandra Bridge - about 3 miles from the mouth of the river. The vessel was too long to be able to transit the St. Ltd., a subsidiary of 'Mackenzie & Mann', & chartered to 'Inverness Railway and Coal Company' of Port Hastings).

This enabled the firm to build vessels up to 540 feet in length and of 20,000 tons capacity. It was a patent re improvements in and relating to engines. The three bidders presumably know the answer to that question! Arron, thank you so much for that most interesting information.'Doxford Engine Friends Association' have lots more on the general subject. The webmaster has a couple of editions of Lloyd's Registers, ex Google Books, available to him, see left. long, 67.1 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters JQBF. In 1925, the vessel was sold for the last time, to 'Lloyd National, Martinelli'.